Department Geography & Environmental Sciences

Department Geography & Environmental Sciences

Welcome to the Department of Geography & Environmental Sciences.

The Department of Geography and Environmental Sciences is a vibrant academic department which has over the years excelled in teaching, research and community engagement. Our teaching covers most of the branches of Geography and Environmental Sciences and GIS remote sensing theory and applications.

At undergraduate a student can take Geography as part of the BSc programme combined with either of the following: Chemistry, Biological Sciences, Computer Sciences or Mathematics. At postgraduate level we offer a BSc Honours degree in Geography, as well as research Master's and Doctor's degrees (MSc and Phd) in either Geography or Environmental Sciences. Postdoctoral positions are available through agreement with specific academic staff.







Academic Staff




Senior Lecturer and Head of Department



Prof. L.G. Palamuleni

Associate Professor


Prof. T. Ruhiiga



Prof. C.Munyati

Associate Professor


Prof. T. Kabanda

Associate Professor


Mr. J. Drummond

Senior Lecturer


Mr. N.N. Ndou



Support Staff



Ms. N. Mkiva

Senior Technician, Physical Geography


Mr. S. Bett

Senior Technician, GIS and Remote Sensing


Ms. M. Mosala







Please contact the following should you need more information about:


General enquiries & undergraduate degrees

Dr. Manjoro

Ms S. Kakula



BSc. Honours

Prof. Kabanda


MSc and PhD

Prof. Munyati


Short Course in GIS

Prof. Munyati



Dr.M.Manjoro or

Potential host staff

See emails of staff members




Non degree programmes

For mid-career candidates who have prior learning in any field the department offers an opportunity to acquire GIS skills through a Short Course in GIS (NQF 7). The duration is two weeks of intense theoretical and practical training.

Degree programmes

The following degree programmes are offered in the department.

  • BSc degree with Geography and either Chemistry, Biological Sciences, Computer Sciences or Mathematics. See the following link for admission requirements.
  • BSc (Honours) in Geography (202 118)

To be admitted to the BSc (Hons) programme a candidate must be a graduate of a recognized university with Geography as one of his major subjects. A student should normally obtain an assessment mark of at least 60% in the final year of the relevant subject. The Honoursprogramme shall extend over a minimum period of two semesters and a maximum of four semesters of full-time study. The curriculum comprises of a minimum of four modules and compulsory research project.

Research degrees

Note that our MSc and PhD are offered by dissertation only. Students will be expected to conduct research under the supervision of a member of staff within the department. Prospective candidates are required to familiarize themselves with the research strengths of the department and research interests of our staff. After carefully considering this information the prospective candidate may contact the prospective supervisor (see details above)todiscuss your research interests and his availability to guide you. It expected that at the time of application for MSc or PhD, a prospective candidate must have a mini-research proposal or research concept note or statement of your research interest to enable the Department to process the application.

  • MSc in Geography (203 124) --- To be admitted to the MSc degree a candidate should normally be in possession of BSc (Hons) degree or an equivalent qualification in a relevant discipline. The degree is attained by research. The duration of this programme is a minimum of two semesters and a maximum of four semesters of full-time study. For part-time study, the maximum duration is eight semesters.
  • MSc in Environmental Science (203 133) --- To be admitted to the MSc degree a candidate should normally be in possession of BSc (Hons) degree or an equivalent qualification in a relevant discipline. The degree is attained by research. The duration of this programme is a minimum of two semesters and a maximum of four semesters of full-time study. For part-time study, the maximum duration is eight semesters.
  • PhD in Geography (204 121) or Environmental Sciences (204 114) --- To be admitted to PhD degree a candidate should normally be in possession of Master’s degree or an equivalent qualification in a relevant discipline. The duration of this programme for full time students is minimum of four semesters of research under the guidance of a supervisor, while for part students it is eight semesters.

Current MSc and PhD students

The department has a diverse postgraduate student population numbering more than 25 researching on various issues in Geography and Environmental Sciences. Below are some of our current postgraduate students:

PhD Geography 


Provisional Topic




Developing a Remote Sensing and GIS Methodology for Monitoring Urban Growth in Major Towns in North West Province, South Africa

Prof. Munyati C

Nenwiini, S.C.



Climatology Anomalies Associated with Long-Term Rainfall Trends in Vhembe District of South Africa.

Prof. T.A. Kabanda

PhD Environmental Sciences 


Provisional Topic


Miruka, C.O.

Design of a concentrated solar power-based renewable energy mix for Northern Cape, South Africa


Prof. T. Ruhiiga

Marara T

The dynamics of suspended sediments: sources and associated contaminants in the Upper Vaal Water Management Area, South Africa

Prof. L.G. Palamuleni Dr. M. Manjoro


Makarati, F.


Towards a Model of Wetland Rehabilitation in South East Zimbabwe.

Prof. T.M. Ruhiiga

Dr L.G. Palamuleni

Nhlapo, M.S.


An Environmental Resource Planning Model for Municipal Tourist Destinations in the Free State, South Africa.

Prof. T.M. Ruhiiga


Sithole, T.P.

Climate Variation and Malaria Prevalence in Limpopo Province, South Africa.

Prof. T.A. Kabanda

Prof. T.M. Ruhiiga

Kabanda. T

An approach for land capability evaluation for agriculture using remote sensing, GIS and geostatistics in North West Province of South Africa.

Prof. Munyati

Prof. Oyekale

Fajji, NG

Remote Sensing and GIS Scheme for Rangeland Quality Assessment and Management in the North West Province, South Africa.


Prof. L.G. Palamuleni, Prof. V. Mlambo


Kenny, IR

Design of a Waste-to-Landfill Minimisation Model for South Africa's Secondary Cities.


Prof. T.M. Ruhiiga


MSc. Environmental Sciences 


Provisional Topic


Akoth, AM


Impact of Waste Water Effluent Disposal on Surface Water Quality in Mahikeng, South Africa.


Prof. L.G. Palamuleni



Dam sedimentation and sediment tracing in the Swartruggens-Zeerust area, North West Province

Dr. M. Manjoro

Sieban PC

Assessment of channel morphodynamics and the influence on habitat integrity in the Luvuvhu River, Kruger National Park


Dr. M. Manjoro

Ramolobeng A

An assessment of water quality in the Mokolo River (Limpopo Province), South Africa

Dr. M. Manjoro

Mulugisi, A

Flood Incidences (1961-2011) and their Impacts on the Vegetation Cover in the LimpopoProvince

Prof. L.G. Palamuleni

Rabbani, F.Q


Characterization and management of waste dumps in Fordsburg, Johannesburg

Prof. T. Ruhiiga



The research of our staff and students covers diverse areas as reflected below.

Geography research revolves around: land reform, land degradation, human settlements, entrepreneurship and economic growth, urban agriculture, and urbanization, community natural resource management, climate change, earth surface processes and landforms with emphasis on soil erosion and sediment dynamics in fluvial systems.

Environmental Science research is built around three clusters: waste management, ecosystem services and sustainability science. Current research focus include municipal solid waste management, medical waste management, compliance and enforcement, environmental regulation, land use & land cover change, natural resource planning for tourism, wetland rehabilitation, remediation of mine lands, water contamination and  ecosystem conservation.

Research in GIS and remote sensing applications covers all the above mentioned fields and specifically vegetation and environmental management applications.


The department has the following facilities for use by staff and students for teaching and research:

  • Water Analysis Lab: run in conjunction with the Biological Sciences Department and offers services to industry and local municipalities.
  • Environmental Science Lab
  • Physical Geography Lab: The unit boasts of state of art equipment for particle size analysis, environmental magnetism and gamma spectrometry system (housed at CARST) for erosion and sediment studies.
  • GIS and remote sensing Labs. The department has three labs with state of the art hardware and geospatial software for research and teaching and each specifically dedicated to undergraduate, Honours and MSc/PhD students respectively.


The department offers the following services to any clients for a fee

1.    Colour printing: brochures, research papers (A4 size per page).

2.    Colour printing: maps

  • A0 size
  • A1 size
  • A2 size
  • A3 size
  • A4 size

3.    Colour printing: posters (A0 size)

4.    Mapping of research study areas.

5.    Editing and updating of maps based on latest satellite images.

6.    Mapping of land use and property boundaries.

7.    GIS analysis to answer research and land use / land cover questions.

8.    Printing of theses and dissertations (A4 black and white / page).